Open Accessibility Menu

The 10 Most Common Childhood Illnesses

  • Posted On:
The 10 Most Common Childhood Illnesses

School is back in session. Your kids are back in the classroom with friends, meeting new teachers, and exploring their favorite subjects. Because of their exposure to many people and time spent inside, kids are more susceptible to catching and spreading illnesses. These illnesses can range from the common cold to pneumonia, with different treatments needed for each case. These are 10 of the most common childhood illnesses, how to spot them, and how to treat them.


The common cold is caused by viruses spread in close contact with others, such as in a classroom. Symptoms of colds include sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, coughing, and fevers. Though it doesn’t have a cure, colds can be treated with over-the-counter medicines, rest, and drinking plenty of fluids. Because colds are highly contagious, having your kids stay home to recover is essential.

Strep Throat

Strep throat is a common infection that causes swelling and inflammation of the throat. Symptoms include fevers, pain while swallowing, white spots on the tonsils, and a sore throat. Antibiotics are the best treatment for strep throat; they can help decrease symptoms and get you feeling better faster.


Influenza, known as the flu, is spread through coughing and sneezing and is characterized by fevers, sore throat, coughing, chills, sneezing, and achiness. If your child does exhibit symptoms of the flu, the best treatment is rest, medication, and fluids. Ensure you and your child get a yearly flu shot to protect them against influenza.


Even though the chickenpox vaccine has significantly decreased the spread of the illness, there are still over 150,000 cases per year. Symptoms of chickenpox include skin rashes, fevers, headaches, and blotchy skin. Minimizing scratching and using remedies such as oatmeal baths can help treat the symptoms of chickenpox while your child recovers.

Ear Infections

Ear infections are one of the most common illnesses for children. Children may experience pain and problems hearing as a result of an ear infection. The best treatment for an ear infection includes warm compresses, rest, and ibuprofen. Sometimes, your children may need an antibiotic to help treat an ear infection.


Pneumonia is a lung infection that can cause fever, coughing, rapid heartbeat, and difficulty breathing. It is a severe illness, so visiting your doctor and taking an antibiotic is important.

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease, while primarily common in children aged five or younger, is a contagious illness that causes fevers, sore throats, blisters on or around your mouth, and rashes on your palms or soles of your feet. The best treatment for hand, foot, and mouth is rest and over-the-counter pain/fever relievers.

Pink Eye

Conjunctivitis, commonly referred to as pink eye, is caused by a bacterial virus characterized by redness, itchiness, and swelling in one or both eyes. If your child is experiencing symptoms of pink eye, you should thoroughly clean their eyes and have them wear cold compresses multiple times a day.

Sinus Infection

Sinusitis can be caused by many different bacteria or viruses that leave your kids with a runny or stuffy nose, headache, and pressure in the face. In some cases, an antibiotic can relieve the symptoms of a sinus infection, while other remedies include nasal decongestant sprays, nasal steroids, and nasal saline washes.


Bronchitis is a condition that affects the lungs, where they can become inflamed and cause coughing. Rest and fluids can help treat bronchitis, while a humidifier or exposure to steam can help ease the pain.

Visit Antelope Valley Medical Center

If your child is feeling under the weather, follow up with your child’s pediatrician. Antelope Valley Medical Center is here to help! Our staff is equipped to handle all sick and injured children, to ensure your kids feel better and return to the classroom. Visit us online to learn more.